The general strategy of the task is clear: after a simulation module has been developed for simulating the environmental effects and the health effects for a given choice of parameters which characterize the polluting facility, an optimization module to be developed can handle the task of finding optimal choices for the describing parameter values (compare Figure 1.1). Since the cause-effect relationships of pollution and human health are quite complicated and dynamic, it has to be expected that only in this way an optimal strategy for pollution control can be developed. Of course, all parts of the cause-effect chain need to be considered.
Figure 1.1: General structure of the developed software.
However, it is quite obvious that a more detailed consideration of the task at hand is necessary. To this end, let us first focus on two main questions.